Anastasija Lesjak, Interview: Nina Prehofer
Anastasija Lesjak from 13&9 has achieved international success with her philosophy of giving inanimate objects a soul. Through her designs, she bridges the gap between science and use in practice, and offers new narratives and experiences.
One example of your work is called Relaxing Floors. How can a floor be “relaxing” other than being comfortable to lie on?
Anastasija Lesjak: As head of concepts and product development at 13&9, I work with our team to pursue design strategies that are based on the scientifically well-founded analysis of stress-reducing concepts in a space, especially in the workplace. One of our main areas of focus concerns research into perception and the effects of specific patterns that occur in nature. These patterns have the greatest significance in the built environment, where people have little to no access to nature. From this scientific interest came the collaboration with one of the leading scientists and physicists in this field, Professor Richard Taylor from the University of Oregon (USA). He started researching stress-reducing patterns for organisations such as NASA during the eighties.
Several studies have been carried out over the years and new knowledge gained, for example the fact that our brains are capable of perceiving nature’s fractal patterns subconsciously. They are recognised as occurring in nature – even when they are depicted in a graphically abstract way. Through a subconscious, automatic process of recognition, which is referred to as “fractal fluency”, relaxation mechanisms are triggered in the body and perceived as enjoyable on a cognitive level – something “comfortable”, but for your eyes. Drawing on this knowledge, we developed the beginnings of the patterns for the floor coverings, which make up the largest perceptible surface in a room.
What was it like collaborating with Richard Taylor and the Mohawk Group?
Anastasija Lesjak: People’s well-being in the built environment is of central importance in many of our concepts, so working with Professor Taylor is, for me, one of our most significant projects. It was my medical training that gave me access to design, and it is also one of the reasons why we have built up a transdisciplinary network. The bridge between science and use in practice is often missing, and the people we collaborate with have recognised this long-term potential and decided to move in this innovative direction, which deals with concepts that benefit people in a holistic way.
The first mass-produced items to integrate these patterns with relaxing qualities are now appearing on the international furnishings market, and demand for such products is coming from all over the world! Through this collaboration, my partner Martin Lesjak and I have broached the subject of a new cross-discipline approach, the result of which has been numerous invitations to teach, awards and mentions in the press, including on the cover of American scientific journal Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences.
The modular light and acoustic systems HEX-O and TRIG-O recently launched for XAL. What’s the story behind this concept?
Anastasija Lesjak: The combinability and modularity of light and acoustic systems are the focal point here. We call these products “new hybrids”, and they make it possible to offer tailor-made solutions, in both a functional and artistic sense, using mass-produced products.
We wanted to give designers a tool that everyone can use to create their own light and acoustic landscape. For us, it’s the most sustainable way to develop the products so that there is an infinite number of configurations and they can react according to the space in question.
The elements are produced nearby in St. Margarethen an der Raab. What value do you place on production in general?
Anastasija Lesjak: I see production as being a significant part of the design process. That means there should be careful interaction between the product concept and the production process, and the interplay of people, resources and technology. It made sense to develop this product range in close collaboration with XAL and to produce it locally in order to combine the expertise of architects, product designers, industrial designers, technical developers, light and acoustic designers and the manufacturer on site.
What’s the best idea you’ve ever had?
Anastasija Lesjak: Concepts that involve the careful assimilation of the context by people, places and technologies and offer new narratives and experiences, that are more powerful than the perception of something that is seen predominantly as “physical”.
BuzziSpace expands its range of acoustic solutions with the introduction of BuzziPleat. Designed by 13&9, the collection blends beauty and performance into an adaptable collection of wall and hanging pendants. The BuzziPleat series reinterprets ancient techniques used in fashion design, like smocking and pleating, to create large-scale, yet lightweight sculptural forms, made of sound-absorbing BuzziFelt. Architectural folds maximize surface area, delivering exceptional acoustic performance. The traditional craft of hand pleating — the principle of gathering up volume, then reining it in — is applied to freely construct a complex architectural form.
The BuzziPleat framework relies on tension of its own fabrication, rather than an internal support structure. Fashion has long adopted this method to create neat, yet flexible forms. Here, the application brings an organic quality to an otherwise synthetic material. “Pleating brings movement to still objects, animating them from within,” said Martin Lesjak, lead architect and designer, 13&9. “It can therefore be seen as the symbol of a major social shift towards a rebounding society giving movement and elasticity to structure.” The hanging acoustic pendants can be configured with an optional light source add-on, to marry sound control and illumination in one multipurpose product. The collection includes two configurations, BuzziPleat Ripple and BuzziPleat Edel, both can be affixed to the wall or suspended from the ceiling. Each model is available in two sizes. Choose from a diameter of 100cm or 150cm. Select one of many BuzziFelt and BuzziFabric combinations, ranging from neutral to bold and bright hues.
What ideas are you working on at the moment?
Anastasija Lesjak: We’ve done several sound designs for exhibitions and audio-visual projects, which my husband Martin and my brother Severin Su have worked on together. Following our exhibit at the International Architecture Exhibition in Venice, it was clear to me that we should focus more on integrating sound design into our projects. We recently set up a sound studio and are currently working on a project for the Klanglicht light and music festival in Graz.
You talk about the “soul of design”. What gives a design a soul?
Anastasija Lesjak: Our philosophy of giving inanimate objects a soul tries to get to the bottom of the perception of design so that the user becomes capable of identifying emotionally and intuitively with the concept. This open relationship between user and design also involves confronting sustainable consumption and a strong commitment to the environment.
The luminaire collection designed for Wever & Ducré in collaboration with fashion designer Sabrina Stadlober was introduced at this year´s Light + Building in Frankfurt and is now available on international markets. This hospitality lighting series, that unifies influences from art, fashion and architecture, incorporates a reflecting metallic surface element that resembles a mirror and creates a dynamic relationship between space and light.
Recent times have been rather isolating and offered the opportunity to dream. What do you still dream about?
I dream about anything and everything, but the most important thing for me is that the dreams are there when you need them.Anastasija Lesjak
Photo: Markus Mansi
Anastasia Su (Dr Anastasija Lesjak) and Martin Lesjak founded product design company 13&9 in Graz (Austria) in 2013. The collaboration of the team with specialist partners has led to the creation of product collections from concept right through to production in the fields of lighting, furniture, floor coverings, fashion, accessories, exhibitions and sound design. The creative company works as a design studio for global businesses, as well as having its own label that makes and sells its own products.